Under Oliver Cromwell’s leadership, a totally new army emerged. Born in 1599 in Hantingdon, he grew into a historically memorable commander who created a new model of the army. He made the troops highly disciplined, well coordinated and dressed in uniforms. The soldiers were united by faith and passionate prayers, in contrast to Prince Rupert’s army gradually falling into anarchy.
Cromwell was the warlord long-awaited by the parliamentarian propaganda. Battle by battle, settlement by settlement, the tide of war was changing in favor of the roundheads, which was an alternative name of the parliamentarians. In January 1644, Cromwell headed the troops numbering 3000 soldiers near York.
Cromwell’s talent was ultimately revealed in July 1644 in a major battle of Marston Moor. In its outcome, the parliamentarian control was gained over the entire North of England. That fight united as many as 27,000 roundheads and as few as 17,000 cavaliers (royalists). The cavaliers were overwhelmingly defeated. At first, the royalist cavalry was crashed. Then the attack against Rupert’s infantry brought triumph to the roundheads. Cromwell was slightly wounded in his neck and had to withdraw from the frontline for a short time.
The Northern lands were conquered, but the royalist defensive resistance was not over. Another tremendous battle took place in Naseby on the 14th of June, 1645. The epic disaster of Rupert’s cavaliers in that fight prefigured the outcome of the Civil War.
Cromwell led his right flank’s attack with the soldiers crying “God is our force!”. The royalists inflicted a hit from their left flank with the cavaliers calling out the Queen’s name. Prince Rupert managed to defeat the roundheads’ left flank, and seemingly the royal forces would win. But the Cromwell’s troops reversed the tide of the battle due to fairly miraculous causes.
The Naseby victory led off a six-month campaign. Oliver Cromwell’s red army was moving volcanically. The pious soldiers were perpetrating impious acts during their offensive. They raped, mutilated and killed women in towns and villages.
Some loyal puritans were horrified with what they watched. Their indecent fellows deserved severe punishment, as they considered. After the Naseby triumph, the revolutionary spirit took disgusting forms.