In 1653, the war between the English and Dutch navies reached its culmination. The Gabbard and Scheveningen Battles shaped the outcome in favor of Britain. 1653 and 1654 became the years of complicated political negotiations. There was a real tug-of-war in diplomacy accomplished with the Treaty of Westminster in 1654.
Critical Battles Leading to Peace Treaty
The battle of Gabbard in June 1653 became a display of the sophisticated English tactics of sea combat. After the Gabbard battle, the Dutch warships sailed to the ports of Holland. The subsequent offensive blockade of the Dutch coastline inflicted a deadly blow on the Dutch economy. The deficit of vital products was menacing with famine to the people of Holland.
The Scheveningen Battle of July 1653 marked the end of the first war. The Dutch were struggling to disrupt the suffocating sea blockade. The warships succeeded in that objective, although they failed to win the battle. The Dutch navy had to move back to Texel. This battle evoked the wish to complete the war in the both adversaries.
Haggling over Piece
The English naval forces suppressed the Dutch warships in their first war cycle. Successive defeats in battles were followed by a complex flow of negotiations. The Dutch party was defending the ways to its colonies in West India. Cromwell aspired to make up a political union with Holland. He implied the supreme English Commonwealth framework and power.
The English party also offered to divide the global trade areas between the two nations. The Asian trade was then intended for Holland. In turn, the Commonwealth demanded unobstructed control of commerce in the Americas. Meanwhile, a range of other provisions and concessions were proposed, considered, rejected and substituted over time.
The peace treaty was postponed, since the Dutch did not give in to the conditions of Cromwell. They did not want to join the Commonwealth of England, nor did they want to expel royalists from their territory. Cromwell offered to accomplish the war between Denmark and Sweden by jointly backing Sweden against Denmark. Holland rejected abandoning Denmark, which was its ally.
The controversies ended with singing of the Treaty of Westminster in April 1654. But the economic war continued on the global scale between the two nations with their new colonies emerging.