In West India, a new Dutch colony was founded in the year 1624. It included the south of Manhattan Island, some areas on Long Island, the states of New Jersey and Connecticut. The present New York was named New Amsterdam then. The Dutch overseas territory was extremely successful. Commerce was booming in the new rapidly evolving world.
The capture of the West Indian land was formalized as purchasing it by the Dutch from a local Indian tribe. The deal took place in 1626. Before the deal, the Dutch had fortified the province area. Fort Amsterdam was constructed, and its completion was the actual birth of the present city of New York, historians consider. Peter Minuit was the Dutch governor of the new colony. Fort Amsterdam, as named then, became the capital of “Nieuw-Nederland”.
Before the colony was formally established, that land had been discovered by Henry Hudson. In 1609, Henry Hudson headed an expedition exploring passages to India. The river which Hudson found was later named after him. The first name of Manhattan Island, also discovered by Hudson, was “Manna-Hata”.
New Amsterdam Surrendered
In 1653, Fort Amsterdam became New Amsterdam, a real Dutch city. Businesses and crafts were booming, Hudson River was carrying enormous merchandize traffics.
1654 became the year of annexation of New Amsterdam by the English. It was an episode in the second Anglo-Dutch War. Charles II, the King of England and Duke of York, orchestrated a naval mission. The profitable colony was to be recaptured. The military expedition of Colonel Nicolls arrived in Manhattan with outnumbering forces.
Governor Peter Stuyvesant deemed it senseless to fight. The colony was surrendered under the English naval pressure. Actually, Dutch settlers did not favor their Dutch Governor to fight under his command. Subsequently, the settlers from Holland and England lived and collaborated peacefully. Annexed by the English, New Amsterdam acquired its new name, New-York, in honor of the Duke of York.
Evolving Status of the City
The ownership of New-York passed again to the Dutch in 1673. Shortly afterwards, the English regained the city anew. In the year 1686, the Royal Charter was granted to New-York.
In the wake of the American Revolution, the first capital of the United States of America was New-York.