Since the year 1169, when the English and Normans invaded Ireland, the Irish people repelled numerous attacks of the English and Scottish troops trying to conquer their island.Four centuries later, thousands of English and Scottish protestants were suppressing the native catholic population. Mainly they settled in Ulster, the northern part of Ireland.

Eventually, the protestant invaders encountered tremendous catholic resistance of the indigenous Irish. Consequently, the Ulster Irish ended up in eviction with complete loss of property. It was impossible to resist the enormously powerful state which was colonizing new lands all over the globe from North America to India. In total, Ireland became a testing ground for future global conquests.

Charles I, the successor of Elisabeth I, planned to unite the English, Scottish and Irish kingdoms under the crown of the Stewarts. In Scotland, the new policy evoked a rebellion which succeeded. The Irish catholic leaders got inspired by the Scottish triumph. They managed to establish their reigh over the South of Ulster.

The Irish catholics were acting aggressively against the protestants living in their country. The whole Ulster was battered by a tide of violence. In the county of Armagh, more than a hundred of protestants were captured and then drowned in a river. Those who could swim were trying to escape, but they were shot either on the bank or in the water.

In August, 1649, a squadron of a hundred of English battle ships sailed up to Ringsend, Dublin’s inner suburb. The soldiers on the ships were procured with weapons, munitions and food. England invaded Ireland with tremendous forces.

It was a deadly conquest of Ireland. Over 4 years, 500 thousand of native Irish were killed. Every forth Irish was dead. The killers were the soldiers of the New Model Army headed by Oliver Cromwell.
In the Irish history, Cromwell was a war criminal with the hands steeped in blood up to the elbows. He masterminded religious repressions and ethnic cleansings of the indigenous Irish. It was a tragedy for Ireland which lasted up to 1653.

It was a war conflict between England and Ireland. It was aggravated by local conflicts between Irish communities.

Cromwell’s propaganda was based on the “God’s justice”. With the “God’s assistance” he and his army were giving “a helping hand” to these “erring people”. The glory of victorious England was to be extended to this land.