After the victorious battles of Marston Moor and Naseby, the revolutionary triumph was looming on the informational frontline. The turning point was the disclosure of letters addressed to Henrietta Maria from her husband, Charles I. The letters revealed the king’s love to her spouse, as well as his readiness to favor Catholicism on the English land.
The publication of the letters stolen from the royalists’ camp after the Naseby battle made an enormous impression. The letters became evidence proving the previous accusations against the king. It was obvious that Charles I cared little about his people’s opinion.
The monarch’s written texts also confirmed that he had clandestinely arranged negotiations with the French and Irish to secure military assistance for the English Catholics. Charles I got into a complete disrepute. Everybody got to know about the king’s personal details, the fact that he was an ordinary human was apparent.
On April 8, 1646, the Parliamentary army was approaching Oxford. The court priest undertook to change the king’s look in order to help him escape. He cut off the beard and hair of Charles I. With no jewelry, the monarch put on common clothes to be like a plebian.
In May 1646, Oxford surrendered to the parliamentarians. It was the end of the war. But the future was even more terrifying. The towns and villages were entirely ruined, the country was turned into a wasteland. Tens of thousands lives were lost in battles. One hundred thousand men, women and children died from diseases and famine. Entire families and communities collapsed. Hungry soldiers ravaged villages and settlements.
The freedom of Charles I did not last long. He entrusted himself to Scotchmen, but they deceived him. They sold him to the English. The monarch was kept near Northampton under strict supervision of parliamentary guards. The country became parliamentarian. Parliament was adopting bills proclaiming the protestant religion as official in the country.
However, many red army soldiers of Cromwell were discontent. The war they had waged was for complete abrogation of the church. Parliament had no funds to satisfy its soldiers’ needs. The troops were dismissed to wait for money filling up the treasury. The country was getting out of control again. The soldiers felt humiliated and did not want to reconcile to such destiny.
The controversial reality was to the king’s benefit. Charles I was trying to negotiate for securing the throne.