Robert Blake established order and discipline in the navy. Now the naval forces were not vulnerable, and their sustainability did not depend on their commanders. Due to Blake, the fleet grew into a powerful structure which had never existed in England before.
But a new institutional crisis became imminent when Oliver Cromwell, the military leader and a tremendous political figure, died. The “English Republic” pilot project came to an end. The new epoch was approaching.
One of the biggest fleet vessels, named “King Charles” was crossing the skyline of the English coast on May 26, 1660. The ship was carrying the future monarch – Charles II on its board.
Charles II was the exiled son of the executed king, Charles I. His coronation was part of the plot conceived by senior naval officers and exiled royalists whose goal was to restore the monarchy. The royal crew was warmly greeted on the English shore by crowds of ordinary people.
Under the new royal team, the fleet got its new name – “The Royal Fleet”. The new fleet history would be created by a young man who was going to make a great career in the fleet. He landed ashore together with the crew of Charles II. His name was Samuel Pepys.
The future navy administrator would write one of the most exciting diaries in historic literature. He thoroughly explored all English docks and mixed his navy narrations with stories of love and excitement.
In the role of England’s marine enemy, Spain was replaced by Holland at that time. Tremendous amounts were spent by England to be able to withstand the Dutch menace. Enormous funding (25% of the state budget) made the fleet a huge and stable giant with a thrilling power.
In his chronicles, Samuel Pepys highlighted corruption as part of the naval economy and its enemy. Pepys tried to notify the fleet’s military council on the existing corrupt activities among commanders. Pepys realized that huge funding without supervision gave rise to their enormous and unjustified enrichment.
Pepys loved accuracy, and his data became unique for the descendants to scrutinize the military past of England. He was the first to create fundamentals for military education.