The intrigues of Charles I and people’s vengeance led the country to the second English Civil War. The new coalition of Charles I united the English royalists, their Scottish allies and moderately tuned Parliamentary partisans. The royalists’ plan was to encircle the Parliamentary army and then attack it from all sides.
A series of battles led the two armies to Colchester in Essex. Colchester was besieged by the royalists. The town dwellers who mostly supported the Parliament became hostages. Fairfax, the Parliamentary commander started a deadly offensive. During his attack, many houses were burned to ashes, and many people’s lives were sacrificed. But Fairfax did not succeed. Then his army dug a huge ditch around the town, and nobody could leave it.
The royal troops confiscated all food from the dwellers, and hundreds were starved to death. People tied sheets of paper to the bodies of children small enough to flee through Parliament’s barricades. It was very dangerous, some kids ended up being tortured, but most of them fled. Such news quickly reached the London media publishers.
After 10 weeks of the siege, Fairfax launched kites into the sky above the town carrying leaflets offering to surrender. The starved royalists agreed. Two thousand royalists died in Colchester, but there were much more victims among the civilians.
1648 became the year of violence, miscreance and tremendous anguish. 8 years before, fears against the continental example of cruel religious wars had triggered England’s own horrible hostilities.
After the triumph of Fairfax, 3 thousand royalists were trapped and sent for slavery to the English colonies. Charles Lucas, the royalist commander, was killed. After the Colchester siege, the death of Charles I was looming.
On January 28, 1649, the House of Commons was listening to a sermon blaming those who had caused bloodshed on the English land.
On January 30, 1649, King Charles I was beheaded for high treason. The king’s execution was followed by the abolition of the monarchy. The Commonwealth of England was established and declared as a republic.